ISTANBUL TRENDY APPAREL & TEXTILE MANUFACTURERS & EXPORTERS
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Turkish Apparel Industry
Strengths of the Turkish Clothing Industry
Turkey is a very important cotton country, which is an advantage in raw materials, for the clothing industry.
The monetary policies and the banking systems are uniform throughout the country.
Work discipline, techniques, rules and regulations are also uniform in every region.
The clothing industry has achieved international integration with free market rules.
With the integrated textile firms, who retain high capacity and new technology, the clothing industry is also in an advantageous position with its inputs such as yarn-fabric.
The Turkish clothing industry enjoys the advantage of low labour costs, while maintaining best quality, compared to developed countries.
The Turkish clothing industry has made the transition from producing basic products with low added value to producing high quality products with high added value. The share of subcontracting in exports is 5%.
The established production centres – the Marmara region, mainly around Istanbul - are at present specializing in the production of quality products leaving the production of basic products to Anatolia, thus cretaing opportunities for the clothing industry throughout the country.
Buyers coming to Turkey have the opportunity of selecting from a wide range of products.
The Turkish clothing industry is one of the sectors that takes full advantage of the Customs Union with the EU.
Turkey’s location is a great advantage. There is a population of 600 million people living in the surroundings of Turkey, at a distance of only two hours. Buyers coming from Europe are able to do their business in only one day.
Why Turkish Textile ?
for style is everywhere – the unusual designs of Turkish ceramics, the
beautiful architecture of mosques and palaces, the fine oriental rugs, the
fabulous robes of the sultans. All of these have contributed to the
creation of one of the most dynamic and vibrant industries in Europe today
– Turkish textiles.
Turkish textile manufacturers have been a major partner and a critical source for major U.S. labels and manufacturers, ranging from the high-end to countless popular manufacturing houses and designers. Last year, Turkey’s textile exports to the U.S. were $1.4 billion. Much of this was through our partners in New York’s Garment District. Moving forward in 2002, Turkish textile industry is eager and ready to continue this partnership and provide top-quality products at competitive range for the American marketplace.
TURKISH TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY
SIZE OF THE TURKISH TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY
Textile and clothing industry has a great contribution to the Turkish economy. This contribution can be observed easily when some statistical ratios and aggregates are considered. For example, textile and clothing industry accounts for;
With these high ratios, the industry has been denominated as the locomotive of the Turkish Economy for years.
The export amount of the industry has reached to the level of USD 15 billion.
But the country is not only an exporter in the world, but also it is a reliable importer. Total import of the industry reached USD 5 billion in 2003. Most of the imports are textile commodities such as fibres, yarns, fabrics, etc.
Turkey is among the leading importers of textile and clothing machinery, spare parts and chemical agents. Average import figure of these items exceeds 1,7 billion USD per year.HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Turkey had a closed economy until 1980s. As a result, both production and export level were quite low. For example;
Since the beginning of 1980s, with the export orientation of Turkish Economy, both production and export have increased:
During early years of export orientation policy, most of the industry’s export items were raw materials or intermediary goods such as fibres and yarns. In the course of time, this situation has changed. For example,
WHAT IS THE RANK IN THE WORLD
According to the WTO statistics, Turkey is
The EU countries are the main traditional markets for the Turkish textile and clothing industry. The share of the EU (15) in total export of the industry is about 63%.
Leading Suppliers of Clothing in the World – (2002)
Share Of Turkey in the World Textile and Clothing Trade -2002
Clothing: World Export: 200,85 Billion USD.
Turkey’s Export: 8,06 Billion USD.
Turkey’s share: % 4
Textile: World Export: 152,15 Billion USD.
Turkey’s Export: 4,24 Billion USD.
Turkey’s share: %2.8ADVANTAGES OF TURKISH TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY
Rich in Raw Materials
Turkey is the 6th biggest cotton growing country in the world, with its production capacity around 900 thousands tons .
About 30% of this production are high quality long staple cotton, the remaining is medium quality.
Capacity of artificial and synthetics is also noteworthy.
Qualified Human Sources
Turkey has a well-educated young population.
Both governmental and non-governmental organisations (NGO's) have given a great importance to education.
Besides the governmental schools, there have been a lot of private and NGO initiatives. One of the most important of these initiatives is Istanbul Textile and Apparel Exporters’ Associations (ITKIB). ITKIB has been giving assistance to Vocational Education by arranging short time courses and seminars and by arranging training for the young in companies.
Close to the Main Markets (Europe)
Existence of a Developed Finishing Industry for Textile Industry
For high quality goods, finishing operations of textile commodities have a crucial importance. Turkey has a developed finishing industry equipped with modern facilities. Most of them are independent finishing companies.
Existence of a Developed Sub Industry for Clothing Sector
The importance of production accessories for clothing industry can not be ignored. Although the values of production accessories are quite small, the added value they create is estimated between 10%-25%. Accessories such as zippers, narrow woven, buttons, hangings, labels, quilted materials, stiffening materials, etc. are produced in Turkey by a qualified sub-industry.
The industry has gained the ability to produce all types of style, design, and fashion for all markets
Flexibility among Production Sites
Turkish businessmen are aware of globalisation. They can move production to regions or countries where the conditions are more suitable for market requirements. Eastern and Central European Countries and Turkic Republics in Central Asia are among the regions to where the Turkish entrepreneurs can easily shift.
Sensitivity about Quality, Environment, Health
The industry is sensitive about total quality.
Compliance with the EU’s Technical Regulation
Turkey has completed its studies on the adoption of Technical Legislation of the EU on the following fields:
Customs Union with the EU and Free Trade Agreements with a lot of Countries
Turkey has Customs Union with the EU. Within the framework of the Customs Union, industrial goods can move freely within the EU and Turkish borders, without paying any customs tariff and encountering any quantitative restriction.
Turkey has Free Trade Agreements with the following countries:
These agreements also enable Turkish textile and clothing goods to enter into these countries without any duty and restrictions.
Sensitivity about Workers’ Social Conditions
We know that there is sensitivity among consumers and consumer organisations in the OECD countries about social and health conditions of the workers who employed in production processes. The same sensitivity has grown up in Turkey as well. European retailers have made great contribution to this sensitivity in Turkey through a feed-back mechanism.
This sensitivity has been carried out into our Social Security Law.
Turkey has adopted a market oriented trade strategy since 1980s. This strategy has strengthened with the establishment of Customs Union in 1996 between Turkey and the EU and free trade agreements with various countries. Turkey's membership of almost all international organisations is another pressure for further liberalisation.
As a tool of market orientation, Turkey has given importance to establishment of Free Trade Zones and Industrial Free Zones. Readily, there are 19 Free Zones in operation. The most prominent of them are located in Mersin, three in Ýstanbul ( AHL, Tuzla, Çatalca), Antalya, Ýzmir (Aliađa), Adana (Yumurtalýk) and Çorlu.
Incentives given in Free Zones:
- 100 per cent income and corporate tax free,
- Exemption from VAT, unless importation to Turkey,
- 100 per cent exemption from banking and credit charges,
- 100 per cent exemption from customs tariff during importation into the Zones.
Foreign companies are treated equally with Turkish companies, in terms of investment in Turkey, transfer of profit and capital and access to incentives.WHAT CAN TURKISH TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY OFFER FOR THE WORLD MARKET
UNCOUNTABLE VARIETY, DESIGNS, COLOURS, ETC. THE BEST QUALITY
WORKING WITH MINIMUM STOCK
GOOD PACKING AND EFFICIENT DELIVERY
GREAT PROFIT, LESS RISK.
COOPERATION ON DISTRIBUTION,
COOPERATION ON PRODUCTION IN SUITABLE REGIONS
Copyright© 2004, ITKIB